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|Wednesday, January 18th, 2017|
I'm posting from Kathmandu airport, where my flight has just been announced. My last few days in town have been uneventful, mostly catching up with some old friends and acquaintances.
One evening I go for dinner to what I remember as a very good Chinese restaurant. A group of Chinese men sit at the big round table in the middle of the smallish room with the lazy susan. They nod and smile when I come in, and then, no other staff appearing, one of them comes over to take my order. I assume they are vaguely connected with the restaurant. The menu is a series of pictures of things and one more or less has to guess or take advice. A woman appears and confirms or denies some of his information, and I order some kind of spicy pork.
The man goes back to his companions and they start to receive an endless supply of wonderful-looking but unidentifiable dishes. Halfway through the meal he calls over to ask me how my pork is. 'It's delicious!' I say, 'but tomorrow I want to eat with you and your friends,' pointing at their array of assorted dishes. To my surprise he looks stricken with sudden conscience for some social fault - admixed with humour - and immediately invites me to take the empty seat at their table.
My new companions, it turns out, work in the Nepal office of a Chinese mobile phone company whose name I forget. As they turn the lazy susan - a delicate operation since someone is always helping themself from a nearby bowl - I try one delicious dish after another and they tell me what it is - pork, mutton soup, aubergine or what have you. 'This looks interesting,' I say, extending my chopsticks towards some meat dish. They smile shiftily and laugh in Chinese. 'Take, take,' says my patron. 'We will tell you afterwards what it is.'
The meat is very soft, slightly sweet, mildly flavoured and delicious. They ask what I think it is. 'I expect it's stomach or something,' I say, hoping I sound offhand. No, they tell me, sniggering, it is not stomach. But I am close. 'This is part of a buffalo. The most important part. For a male.' It is imagined to have virtuous effects on the corresponding part of the consumer, they say, which is why so-and-so - each speaker nominating another person at the table - is particularly keen to sample it. I do not think this dish was on the menu provided to me - not that it is easy to be sure - and it might be awkward to ask for it again if I went back alone.
They tell me more about their company - based in Shenzhen, the great factory of China - which though unknown in Europe is big in Asia. Some of them are going home next week for the Spring festival, i.e. the Chinese New Year, and I learn where they are from and what I should see in Sichuan. When the lazy susan comes round again I reach out my chopsticks for another helping of buffalo penis, but it is all gone.
|Tuesday, January 17th, 2017|
|In the camp
The next day we visit a village close to the town where four brothers of S's and their families live, which is very beautiful and where I meet many excellent people and see many wonderful things of which time, however, is too short to speak. I stay the night while S zooms off to take care of some things. He reappears next morning and takes me off to a local beauty area, a steep river valley whose name I have remembered, perhaps wrongly, as Khudi.
On the way back we stop in Beldangi, a camp for Bhutanese refugees. No photograph, except perhaps an aerial one, could convey the vast area it covers, filled with an endless grid of wooden huts set unhealthily close together. The expulsion of over 100,000 ethnic Nepalis from the south of Bhutan in the 1990s is the shameful blot on that country's recent history. The great majority had no papers, and the Bhutanese authorities used this as a pretext to claim they were illegal immigrants; a small proportion probably were, but most not. Bhutan and Nepal have never agreed on their status and while many have been resettled in third countries, tens of thousands are left.
Here and there along the roadside are some little stalls and cafes, and we stop for a cup of tea, before I pluck up the courage to approach a group of residents and speak to them. One woman with reasonable English says she was 13 when her family had to come here - she looks perhaps 40. They are from Gelephu in the south of Bhutan. Some accounts of the expulsions say that the Lhotsampa had remained culturally Nepali leading to ethnic tensions, so it is interesting that she tells me she had to learn Nepali when she arrived, previously speaking only Dzongka and some English. All the Dzongka I can remember is 'Kuzuzangpo la', and they all nod and smile happily, and then from my description help me remember the name of the region of Bhutan where I lived for three months.
She tries to sound an optimistic note: at first the refugees had many problems but now things are all right. A younger man, says that he was a year old when he came here, contradicts her: there are still many problems. Without papers, the refugees can neither get work in Nepal nor travel ouside it. (These two are both volunteering in a UN health centre within the camp.) They get rice rations from the UNHCR, but these are only about half what they used to be. (They tell me the numbers in kilograms per week, which I have forgotten.) I ask what they think should be done. 'We still hope Bhutan will let us back,' the man tells me.
That evening is taken up with mournful farewells since I'm leaving early next morning to get the bus back to Kathmandu. S is returning to Maldives in a few days, but not through Kathmandu, so gives me my last scary motorbike lift into Urlabari through the cold morning fog.
|Taken for a ride
When I rise in the morning S is outside trampling on a circular pile of straw nearly as tall as himself. A much bigger pile is over by the field, where it has been left by the thresher after a bale or two of rice were threshed a few weeks ago. Now it's time to start packing the straw into a huge bullet-shaped bale of a type which litter the landscape, which will keep it fresh so that the buffalo has food for the year. The straw is being carried from the one pile to the other bundle by bundle: children are pulling out armfuls of straw, tying it up with a cord made from the spine of a banana leaf, carrying it over and throwing it up to S, who unties the cord and throws it back, and then sprinkles the straw around the top of the pile to distribute it evenly, trampling all the while. The nose of the bullet, which will be shaped last, will throw off rain, and the tightly-packed straw will not rot or decay all year.
Agricultural life in the Terai looks idyllic, but with most of the technology remaining much as it was in biblical times, it involves a lot of hard work. While a threshing machine now goes round the farms in turn, it is only a few years ago - as S remembers well - that threshing, too, had to be done by hand.
The work is presently put aside and we zoom off on the inevitable and somewhat scary motorcycle for a day of sightseeeing. From Urlabari we turn west onto the East-West Highway, which runs along the Terai the full 1000km length of Nepal. We had planned (or rather S had planned) to visit the town of Dharan, but he'd heard early in the morning that the town was closed.
'What do you mean, closed?'
'You can't close a whole town.'
'The roads are closed.'
'Did they say why?'
'Some political rally there.'
'I'd be quite interested to see a political rally.'
'Where shall we go instead?'
'Actually there are no sights in the east of Nepal.'
But it turns out there is at least one sight on the way to Itahari, the next major city on the highway, in the form of the Betana Wetland, a surprisingly large and well-kept wetland nature reserve. In the woods there are designated picnic areas where groups of young Nepalis have brought sound systems and loudspeakers, somewhat unlike my notion of a nature reserve, but there is plenty of space to get away from them and enjoy the woods, clean and well-constructed paths, lake and ducks.
'Let's go. We have a long way to go,' he says, even though we have no particular idea where we are going, so we set off again for Itahari where we have lunch in a canteen restaurant on the top floor of a tall department store. We discuss again whether to go to Dharan.
'It's a long way. Let's not go.'
'Why were we going there again?'
'I just wanted to show it to you. It's a very modern city, clean, nice architecture.'
'It sounds great. Let's go.'
So turning north off the East-West Highway we go 15km or so to Dharan, where there is no sign of the roads being closed, or a demonstration taking place, or the slightest disturbance of any kind. 'Fake news,' shrugs S, when I mention it.
At the entrance to the city there is a statue in some jet-black stone of a man looking noble while tied to a tree trunk with numerous arrows sticking out of his torso. When on the way back we stop to look, I learn from the inscription that he was a nationalist martyred by the wicked Buddhists ruling Sikkim in the 18th century for his efforts to record and preserve the Kirat language and culture.
If you have been led to expect a hypermodern city with interesting architecture, then riding pillion up the main street of Dharan - the city is at the foot of a hill and the road rises steeply - is at first something of a disappointment. You might be expecting gleaming glass and steel skyscrapers, but all you seem to see is the same old functional Nepali concrete shops obscured by impossible tangles of power cables. But look again, and read past the power cables, and you see something quite different from the grimy melee of Kathmandu: the streets are clean, the road well surfaced, there is a broad pavement for pedestrians, the rickshaws are electric and look new and smart, and you suddenly have an odd feeling that you have been here before. In your mind's eye you are riding up the Edgware Road or somewhere in the East End, lined with hip and slightly grungy Asian shops.
I assume we are going to stop in the centre but S drives on and up, till we seem to be passing out of the city altogether.
'I thought we were coming here to see Dharan?'
'So you've seen it now ...'
Near the top of the hill we stop at a 'hotel', which is to say a little grimy cafe or bar, with a terrace perched on the side of the mountain. We have coffee admiring the view over Dharan, which would be even better if it weren't for a thin film of fog.
On the ride back S takes us through back streets and residential neighbourhoods, and it is here that I finally see the real beauty of Dharan. The houses are handsome, well-built, in style distinct but harmonious, the neighbourhoods clean and inviting. Nestling between the Terai and the hills, Dharan also has mild temperate weather all year round; and only about as far again as Itahari is Biratnagar on the Indian border, Nepal's second city with an international airport. No wonder Dharan is, apparently, an expensive place to live. There are a large number of former Gurkhas living in the town. Serving in the British army is one of the few ways in Nepal of becoming comfortably well-off. I remember coming across the breathtaking and unexpected beauty of Ghandruk, a stone-built Gurkha town in the hills near Pokhara, on a short trek there in 2006.
There was another reason we did our sightseeing in this direction today: a birthday party for a relative of S's wife, where, perhaps because he has the bike, he will be representing her. I ask if we should take a present. It turns out S's present has been arranged for him - he doesn't know what it is but it is at the house wrapped up waiting for him to hand it over - and he suggests that I should just give some money, 1000 rupees or so. Then he has a change of heart and we stop again at the supermarket in Itahari, but there is nothing I feel it meaningful to give a child (only children celebrate their birthdays, S says) of uncertain age and gender and interests, least of all the horrible things on the 'gifts' floor.
After Itahari we take various back roads and short cuts along paths across fields with children coming home from school ('They're all looking at you', says S) and arrive at his in-laws' home, where we stop for the usual tea on the verandah. It may be different in the hills where it gets properly cold, but here in the south, where to the uninformed traveller it can still seem pretty darned chilly on a January evening, the only communal space in a house is outside. (Everyone also persists in going around barefoot indoors, with sandals for the outside environs of the house, which at this time of year is silly. But it is only this cold for a few weeks.)
We have done around 100km on the bike today. Not a bad haul considering that riding on the back of a motorbike, along Nepali roads full of life-threatening ruts and unpainted speed bumps, with no safety gear, is completely terrifying.
The birthday is of some kind of cousin who lives round the corner, where we presently troop round. There are adults smiling and children in tall conical party hats. With her two younger sisters and assorted other friends, the birthday girl (for such she turns out to be) stands sedately, apart from the hat, on the balloon-festooned verandah, behind a table decorated with vases of flowers and a cake. We have arrived in time for the important ceremony: she duly cuts the cake. Then all the adults line up in front of the table to transact some business; S is looking carefully to make out exactly what is happening, which is more than I can do; but he tells me to put aside 50 rupees for the two sisters. Finally it is our turn. The birthday girl by now has an enormous red tika, or agglomeration of tikas, on her forehead, the size of an old half-crown. S picks up a large petal from a bowl, waves it over the three sisters while incanting something, then dips his fingers into a bowl of tiny red petals and adds his own tika to the girl's forehead. Then he solemnly hands over his unknown gift to her and a small-denomination note to each of her sisters. In return he is given a small square of cake. (No-one has ovens, so the cake is some odd synthetic cake-like substance.) From this he breaks off an even smaller part and puts it in the girl's mouth, and eats the rest. I copy as much of the procedure as I can remember.
Afterwards we are given dinner, which we eat though we are not hungry, and then various giggling young women want their pictures taken with me, and presently we return to the first house, where it turns out we are to stay for the night. I am tired and S, who has done all the driving, is shattered. So we do not return later to the birthday house, where apparently there is dancing.
|Thursday, January 12th, 2017|
|Among the mustard
Our departure is delayed by bureaucracy till the next morning, and despite sunnier estimates takes over 12 hours, on a very long bus journey to Urlabari, followed by an autorickshaw to S's sister's house where we pick up his motorbike and set off out of town. Though we woke at 5 and arrived at the bus station by 6, it is dark by the time when, racing along crazy twists and turns among narrow raised paths between fields, we finally reach his family home. The verandah is bustling with people: various relatives and other neighbours have come to peer at the visitor. S tells me I am probably the first foreigner ever to visit the village.
In the morning, the brilliant spring-like sunshine gives me my first clear view of my surroundings. The house is built of cheerfully blue-painted bricks with a tin roof, and consists, beside the verandah, of three bedrooms - one of which has been vacated in my honour. The kitchen is an outhouse of bamboo wattle and daub, also tin roofed. The only tap is a pump in the front yard fed from a tube well; a water filter, which consists of concrete filled with sand and pebbles, stands next to the kitchen and renders the water potable; and another tiny outhouse of corrugated tin holds the usual Asian squat toilet. In the fields round about the predominant crop is mustard, whose bright yellow flower is reminiscent of that other oilseed, rape. 'When the seeds will be ready they will be red' (one of the children explains to me). 'We will take them out (of the pod) and they will dry and we will take them to the mill and get oil.' Of course, mustard-greens are also eaten as a vegetable like spinach.
The land is so fertile that it grows paddy in the rainy season and a second crop in the winter. Those not filled with mustard are growing potatoes or wheat or what have you or are ploughed ready for planting. Coconut, betel-nut and banana palms, bamboo, grapefruit and lychee trees grow round about, and goats, buffalo, chickens, roosters, dogs and cats roam hither and yon. Sheaves of rice are tightly stacked in cylinders with the stalks outwards, to deter rats, and with conical tops to throw off rain. Boys play cricket with a tennis ball and a misshapen stick, farmers drive oxen drawing wagons loaded with sacks, and women wash clothes and pots at their pump.
Someone decides, perhaps because of my meagre pretensions to have been a teacher once, that I should pay a visit to the village school. It is quickly arranged and we zoom off on the inevitable motorcycle. The school gate gives onto a large field with a row of poky brick classrooms along one edge. All the classes are taking place in circles sitting in the field, the classrooms being deserted (because they are 'too cold', S says, though this makes no sense). But there do not seem to be all that many students in the field, either, at least compared with its size. S together with the maths teacher, the only one who seems to speak any English, explain that this is because more than half of Nepali school students now go to private boarding schools, which are considered much superior to government schools like this one, partly on account of their English-medium teaching. When this school was built many more local children would have been its pupils. The teachers take me to be some vague kind of Official Visitor and soon cheerfully gather round to chat, forsaking their classes, whose ring-shapes on the grass like fairy rings slowly crumble and dissolve as the kids take advantage of their sudden unexpected freedom.
Our next call is to a rather grand wooden house as such things go - it is on two storeys - belonging to Bidhya Devi Bhandari, the current and first female president of Nepal. The house now functions as a kind of museum consisting of some dusty empty rooms and a series of photographs, above a doorway, of communist leaders from Marx to someone who may be the President's late husband, who was a Nepali communist leader. Besides its imposing stature and well-kept garden, the house's principal feature of interest is a lookout gallery and series of hidden entrances and trap doors, built when he was a rebel leader and a quick getaway might have been needed at any time. I first take the gallery to be one from which one would wave and address crowds - but it is unlikely that anything much like a crowd would be found in this fairly remote village.
Later on we ride into Urlabari to meet some friends of S. The little roadside town now seems like a thriving metropolis. We have tea served from a hatch in the wall and then, on a whim of someone's, zoom off to see a nearby tea plantation, on a large area of land belonging, I'm told, to the former king. Acres of tea bushes, with tall trees planted among them for shade, are criss-crossed by a square grid of broad paths. Nepal's most famous tea is Ilam, which grows not far from here but in the hills, which are supposed to have the best climate and topography for tea. Many Nepalis will tell you - I have never investigated the story - that the still more famous tea garden of Darjeeling properly belongs to Nepal, and that India has effectively annexed it but continues to pay rent for it, or some such tale.
In the evening, after dinner, S tells me that another delegation of relatives has arrived in hope of seeing his distinguished visitor. 'There are lots of pretty girls,' he says. I ask tartly if he couldn't have found any pretty boys but he makes a face and leads me onto the verandah, where assorted people are standing around including some newcomers, young women (some of them married) who are introduced as nieces or cousins of some kind. They are perishingly shy and will hardly speak, so conversation is halting, though I am of course my usual affable self and even play them a tune on the whistle. Before long S decides that the audience is at an end and shoos me, somewhat peremptorily, back into my room, but they soon pluck up courage and poke their heads round the door, and S and a couple of others follow and soon I am hosting a small party. Aayush interprets as they ask me questions. Then he takes down a guitar from behind the bed, and calls on his cousin Anjan to play it. Anjan is summoned, and can fingerpick the tune of some well-known Nepali song moderately competently, while singing the same song, also moderately competently but in a completely unrelated key. ('Excellent,' I say afterwards, with only partial honesty.) Luckily some of the others join in the song and drown out the discordant guitar strings. After that I sing 'Molly Malone', and teach them to join in the chorus; and then the evening is declared a great success and everyone retires to bed.
|Sunday, January 8th, 2017|
|The unexamined wife
I arrived in Kathmandu on Friday in warm sunshine, but it's nippy at night. The Tibetan family-run Hotel Utse still as good as ever: comfortable, clean, homely, handsomely decked out in a Tibetan style, cheap, with good food, hot water when you are lucky, and these days tolerable wifi to boot.
The glamour has gone out of the tourist district Thamel a little perhaps, but the backstreets of Kathmandu proper are as colourful and noisy and full of life as ever. This area does not show many signs of the lethal earthquake that struck Nepal a couple of years ago, though when I wander down to the Durbar Square, the magnificent array of temples in front of an old royal palace and a World Heritage Site, I see that, as I have read, it is mostly a pile of rubble. Of the Kasthamandap, the square open-sided wooden temple that is supposed to have given Kathmandu its name, there is no sign. Excavations since the earthquake supposedly reveal that it may have been built in the 7th century.
I'm here largely to visit my friend Shikher, whom I randomly met in Maldives, where he works - one of the very many Nepalis who are driven abroad by the lack of work at home and send money back to parents or other family members. (My mother is amused that his name means 'drunk' in Yiddish.) He takes all his annual leave in one go so that he can fly back to Nepal. Consequently, while we've been saying for years that we will meet in Nepal one day, this is the first time we have managed it, apart from an hour over coffee last time I was here, when he arrived the day before I left.
We miss each other at the airport but in the evening I find him and a nephew waiting for me at the hotel. The nephew is studying electrical engineering in Biratnagar. I have booked a twin room and tomorrow S will stay here, and on Sunday, after he has acquired some kind of official travel permit, which will involve queuing all day, we can take a microbus, possibly overnight, to Urlabari, since he is taking me to visit his family home in the remote and rural eastern Terai.
On Saturday we meet at Himalayan Java, Thamel's favourite coffee shop, stop off at the hotel ('this is our place!'), go shopping for a suitcase to replace the one I borrowed from my parents which is falling to pieces, and back to the hotel for dinner. We order our food and sit and chat.
'When we go to your home who will be there?'
'My mother, and my sister and her children. Um and my wife.'
'Your wife?' What is this about a wife? He has never mentioned having a wife.
'This is what I've been wanting to apologise for not telling you sooner ...'
'Since when have you had a wife?'
'I was waiting for the right moment to mention it. When I came back to Nepal ...'
'How long ago is this?'
'About a month.'
He came back all unsuspecting for his annual leave towards the end of November, intending to buy a little parcel of land on which in due course he might build a new and better house. His mother is starting to get elderly and when he is away, there is no-one to look after her apart from his sister, who is living there only temporarily. S, of course, is always under pressure to get married, and this time the family sprang a surprise on him: they had identified a suitable wife. So they went in convoy over to her village, where he met her for the first time, and they spoke together, and decided each other would do. The wedding preparations, which swallowed up the money with which he was hoping to buy the land, were hastily made - even friends from neighbouring villages were forgotten from the guest list - in order that they could be married on the 15th of December, which was the last day of Mangsir in the year 2073, because the next day was Poush, and everyone knows that you cannot get married in the month of Poush.
So all is now well, since his mother has a daughter-in-law to look after her, while S spends 11 months out of the year working abroad to support them.
|Wednesday, April 29th, 2015|
Suman, whom I stayed with for a time in Kathmandu last year, is all right. His family is all right. His parents are sleeping in a tent: the house in the village of Dhulikel where I stayed with them has collapsed. The Dharahara tower, iconic symbol of Kathmandu whose 213 steps I climbed in September, is a stump. The Kasthamandap, the ancient wooden temple in Durbar Square from which the city got its name, is a pile of rubble.
N, who has lived in Kathmandu for some years, was by chance just returning to visit the UK when the quake struck. The plane was sitting on the runway at the time, and took off after a few hours' delay. Basant, the travel agent, is safe along with his family, but I've not heard from Shyam, who I believe is in Australia, many of whose family still lived in Nuwakot district, north-west of Kathmandu, which was near the epicentre and is reported to have been flattened. I went to a two-day celebration of his brother's wedding in their village there in 2006.
In 2001 when I went with friends to Nepal for the first time, we trekked up the Langtang valley. An altitude headache prevented me making the final day's ascent to Kyanjin Gompa, so the others left me in Langtang village till their return the next day. According to the Nepali Times
, Langtang is destroyed and almost all its inhabitants presumed dead. That night I was the only guest in the teahouse, and learnt the Nepali card game dhum
by watching the landlord and his friends by candlelight. (It was the dry season, so the local hydro was producing no power.) Once I'd picked up the rules I joined in and lost a few rupees. In the morning I went for a walk round the village; I met a man sitting in his yard making rope, whose totally deaf son was delighted when I improvised a few words of sign language, and a small boy who abandoned his half-naked ablutions in the stream to run after me shouting his two words of English: 'Hello! Hello! Pen! Pen! Pen!'
Suman writes: "We are raising fund to distribute medicines, tent, water, food, clothes and other supplies for earthquake victims in villages of Nepal in association with Nepal Red Cross society, Banepa branch. Although government is receiving foreign grants, no effectiveness is noticed on rescuing earthquake victims and strengthening their current status. A small sum that people donate will create a huge difference for needy people out here."
I'm happy to pass on small sums, and should anyone want to donate non-small ones, among many other channels the Disasters Emergency Committee
is co-ordinating the response of a number of major relief agencies.
|Saturday, September 13th, 2014|
Flights from Himalistan are famously subject to delay or cancellation due to fog, rain, or other adverse meteorology. Leaving the business class lounge when the flight is called, I go through immigration and see there is a duty free shop. Wondering whether I can spend my last few hundred rupees I dash in and find disappointingly that it has no gift tat, only vats of whisky and overpriced watches and such, but there is a copy of collected editorials from the Himalistan Observer that I'm quite interested in so I pick it up. I wait while a group of overweight and possibly Chinese tourists try to get rid of thousands of rupees by calculating the price of bottles of this and that. The woman behind the desk does frantic computations on a calculator, while an airport official stands at the door urging expedition. 'Please hurry - there is a change in the weather - there will be a delay otherwise.'
By the gate, it turns out, there is another stall selling the usual tat. To the disapproving frown of the official by the gate I dart off to see if I can spend my last 270 rupees, i.e. about £2.70. I don't have time to look at the items on offer. I rush up breathing, 'I have 250 rupees, what can I buy?' She picks out a coin purse for 150. I grab it, throw the money at her and run.
There are only two of us in the business class section of the plane. An announcement crackles into life: 'Ladies and gentlemen, please note that smoking and chewing paan (i.e. betel nut) are strictly forbidden on this flight, and there are smoke detectors in the toilets.' Quick everyone, go wild! The toilets have no betel nut detectors.
As you fly between Himalistan and Kathmandu, out of the window there is a huge, featureless white plain with, here and there, geometric white pyramids standing alone amid the desolation. The plain is cloud, and the pyramids that pierce it are the peaks of Kanchenjunga, Lhotse, Everest.
|Farewell to Himalistan
A power cut one evening. I walk up to the shedra rather than sit in the dark, and was given dinner there. Afterwards Phuntso walked me part way back. I say 'Maybe the power is back - there are a few lights there.' He says, 'I think those are fires in the potato fields to keep the pigs off.' People sleep there all night to protect the potatoes from pigs, he tells me.
I walk back down the road. No sound at all, no light apart from the twinkling pricks on the potato fields, no sign of human life at all. This must be something like what the valley looked like at night to the C14 saint who wrote an ode to it.
On the way to a lesson one morning, two cows sitting on the path, one black, the other black and white. A magpie sat on the former, pecking at it, and a crow on the latter. It looked as if they had swapped cows.
The weekend before I leave, a splendid Australian family I have got to know, who are living in the village, are supposed to be coming to stay. Two monks from from my class in the monastery come in the evening to set up bedding for them (they don't come in the end, but anyway) and say they will cook me ( a farewell dinnerCollapse )
Rinpoche, having been away in the capital for a month or two, turned up a few days before I left. That evening his new assistant comes in and summons me to an audience, where R is pleasantly warm and grateful and gives me ( a parting giftCollapse )
After leaving the monastery, I stay a night in the local town before getting the 6am 12-hour bus to the capital. There I meet up with the film star-turned-director whom I first met when he gave me a day-long lift out to the monastery. He is busy with shooting his latest film, and I spend a fascinating morning ( on the setCollapse )
Leaving Himalistan this morning. I've had a couple of days in the western town and former capital where the airport now sits, at an expensive but beautiful guesthouse owned by a Himalistani artist who built it himself, and his American wife, who is away working. (They live in the main house, from which it is separated by the garden.) It is ( built on a steep riseCollapse )
The town is much more interesting and attractive than the capital nearby. Yesterday I visited the amazing monastery that is the country's most essential sight to visit, which clings tenaciously but implausibly to the side of a vast cliff face and is accessible only via a steep hike. My host told me this was two and a half hours; but after my long acclimatisation to Himalistan, altitude and mountains, it took me one and a half, skipping past numerous other walkers and parties as I went.
I've spent the rest of my time here walking about town and visiting the very impressive 'fortress' or monastery-cum-town-hall which is the signature dish of Himalistani architecture, and ( various other local monasteries of interestCollapse )
Speaking of local deities, my landlord showed me a large boulder near his gallery in town with a hole through it near one corner. Some other local deity, they say, rides into town every night and this is where he ties up his horse. This is known for a fact to be true, since people sometimes come and smear a little lime paste (the stuff they spread on betel leaves) in the hole in the evening, and it is gone by morning, a clear proof that it has been rubbed away by the horse's restraining rope.
|Sunday, August 31st, 2014|
|The pennis of the master
A mushroom festival in a local village. The village itself, which I had vaguely pegged as a great local metropolis (it is accorded some importance in the majestic History of Himalistan which I have got a small part of the way through), is a large but empty temple and a few houses along an unmade road. The festival is of mushrooms generally and the 'Buddha mushroom' in particular, which the Japanese call matsutake and go potty about. It is supposedly a gourmet mushroom which cannot be cultivated and so must be gathered wild, and it grows in only a couple of places in Himalistan ( of which this village is oneCollapse )
A conversation with one of the workmen on the new temple, who told me he came from Mongar. 'Mongar is not like this', he said, waving expansively at the steep and mountainous tree-covered slopes, so I imagined Mongar as a flat kind of place. 'Not plain like this,' he added, and I realised he was pointing at the small plain at the bottom of the valley occupied by the village and a few fields.
One of the temples near the town is one of the 108 supposedly built in a day by a Tibetan king in the C7 to subdue a huge demoness; only two of them are in Himalistan. Beautiful and antique-looking wall painting which a guide confidently asserts is from the C7, which I doubt. Various old and inviting rooms inside besides the main section of the temple, including one small cell guarded by a wall of weapons (ancient leather shields, an old rifle or two) which only men may enter and where it is appropriate - apparently - to pray for victory in wars and such like.
A path leads to ( another local monasteryCollapse )
One day when only 5 students turn up I repeat the trick of taking them for a walk round the grounds. A couple of very-latecomers join us. 'What's that?' I ask, pointing at a fortress down in the valley, mostly empty but used as a royal residence when the king is in the vicinity. After they tell me about it, they draw attention to ( the triangular area of plain behind itCollapse )
As I am leaving soon, I thought it suitable that the students should add 'Auld lang syne' to their repertoire of British folk songs. To explain that it is a Scottish song I sketch, as on previous occasions, a quick map of the UK and tell them its various parts, while a thought in the back of my head wonders if all this is no longer true - I have seen little or no news since May - before I remember that the Scottish referendum is in September and it is still just about August.
Pema, the shopkeeper, has better English than most of the monks. His grasp of geography is much like theirs, however. 'Australia is near UK?' he asks me in passing.
A talk about my lettercutting days to the masonry students at the technical institute in the village nearest the monastery. The principal has a meeting but he leaves me in the care of a woman who is the 'machinery teacher', presumably, I think, because she is the only member of staff on hand on Saturday afternoon. The village itself is small and I am surprised by the spacious grounds of the institute, and even more so to discover a room of about 60 masonry students in formal dress, who all stand dutifully on my arrival. Talk goes off well enough so far as I can tell, though I don't really how much the students understand of my English. Afterwards I ask the teacher again what she teaches. 'Machinery', she says again. 'What kind of machinery?' She vaguely mentions building walls. 'What kind of machines do you use for that?' 'No, not machines,' she says, enunciating carefully. 'Masonry.'
|Sunday, August 17th, 2014|
I don't know how many Tibetan Buddhist monasteries there are in the world, somewhere in the thousands I imagine, but I would bet large sums that this is the only one where the monks go round singing to themselves and what they sing is 'The foggy foggy dew' and 'Molly Malone'.
Tsering has finally decided he wants English lessons after all and has taken to turning up in the evening. Last night he invited me to his place instead, to sample his cooking. It was excellent as before and I took the precaution of watching how he made Himalistani curry. He sliced, expertly and with no chopping board, onions, garlic, peeled potato and carrot, and tomatoes into a wok, roughly cut up some large chillies (each sliced in four lengthways and cut in half), covered them in water, added a couple of spoonfuls of oil and some salt and set them to boil. (The chillies are treated as a vegetable and are the only essential element; a curry with no other vegetables is the national dish.) Then we sat and chatted, and after 15 minutes or so he tasted it for salt and sliced in a few small pieces of local cheese, of which he has large supply, and when this had dissolved into the water, the curry was ready. (He also added a slice of processed cheese; but this is not, I think, essential.)
I made my own the next evening, which while not quite up to Tsering's standard was reasonably successful. I think I shall make Himalistani curry frequently in future. It's extraordinarily low-effort, delicious, and consisting as it does almost entirely of fresh vegetables, a great deal healthier than most of what I eat at home.
|Sunday, August 10th, 2014|
|The poisoned stone
Walked into town yesterday, following the forest path the students showed me a couple of weeks ago. It is even more dramatic than I remembered; there is a riot of plant life, including all kinds of the most extraordinary mushrooms, and at several points there are views of the sweeping valley and mountainside opposite on the right. They say you shouldn't walk it alone because bears don't attack people in groups. Then again they also say the bears come out at night. Anyway, I met no bears, nor tigers, and the walk, while not a stroll in the park, seemed much more manageable than last time, as walks will on a second acquaintance. (The luxury of doing it at my own pace, rather than that of a bunch of local youths, probably helped, though it also added half an hour or so.) Rinpoche's mate gave me a room at his guesthouse for the night so I have had the luxury of two hot showers.
Met some workmen on some of the many building works going on around the place, as I walked up to the shedra. I thought my ten-minute walk to work was arduous, but they while working there are walking the 11km from the village every day, up all the way.
Phuntsho was on cooking duty at the shedra for a week. I usually stay for lunch after my morning lesson, and he is evidently a fine cook as the sometimes unappealing food has been reliably delicious, considerably softening the blow of missing his valuable presence in the class. As we stand chatting in the kitchen he asks about food I have been cooking and inter alia I mention omelette. 'Would you like an omelette?' he asks enthusiastically, and waves aside my objections about his being busy and so forth. Then it turns out he has never made an omelette before: 'You must tell me how to make it.' So following my directions he makes an omelette, and it is much more successful than any omelette I have ever made myself.
I have fallen into the habit of taking a daily walk to the 'shukti' up on the ridge. Once, near the top, it started raining quite heavily; I sat out the worst in the shelter and came down in rain. The top part of the path is slippery and far from a cakewalk when wet, but a party of half a dozen old women passed me on their way up, laughing and chatting cheerfully and with no raincoats or umbrellas.
On the way down, a stunted pine tree with sprays of long needles, a perfect globe of water poised at the tip of each one.
A student who wasn't in class that day explains that he had had to go up to a yak house on the mountain to help someone whose yak had been killed by a tiger. So perhaps there are tigers around after all. As far as I could understand they were cutting it up for meat and taking it somewhere or other.
No lessons in the shedra for a few days as the students are off each morning 'to chop trees'. Wood supplies are running low Monday is the start of the summer retreat, during which they can't leave the monastery grounds, so this is ( the last chance to stock upCollapse )
A surprising story about the important C14 philosopher and saint who is a local icon - he founded the monastery and it is his statue up at the shukti. Evidently he was not always held in such universal esteem, since it turns out that while he was living here (in exile from Tibet), the villagers tried to poison him. The story is that they gave him a cup of local distilled spirit laced with poison, while he was sitting on ( a huge round ledger stoneCollapse )
Previously when I've ordered milk it's come in an old Royal Himalistan mineral water bottle, but today it is in a bottle labelled 'Black Mountain Whisky'. Not poisoned, I'm happy to report.
'I think that's my friend Waggy Wagtail,' I say to Pema as we stand outside his shop. Waggy is coming towards us down the road.
'Where?' he asks, not unreasonably, since no-one can be seen on the road. His English, though fair, is not up to decoding the subtleties of the name Waggy Wagtail.
'There,' I say and point, increasing his mystification, since she is out of sight behind a low fence. When she comes back into view I hail her and she absolutely bounds up the steps to greet me.
The shop sells crisps and similar snacks, and they are packed as usual in airtight bags, except that the bags are bulging to bursting point, and are so taut that it is difficult to open them. I noticed this in a casual way when I first saw them, but it has taken me till now to realise that it is due not to some peculiar Himalistani way of filling crisp packets (they come from India anyway), but to the low atmospheric pressure here due to the altitude. I wonder how high you have to take them before they burst.
Attendance at the class in the monastery has been patchy lately as students are always off 'working' somewhere, or at a puja in the village, and so forth. (All that will stop when the retreat starts on Monday.) One class had only four, so rather than sit in the classroom I suggested we go for a walk and chat about what we saw. A much more enjoyable class for all of us than usual, and the three of them who rarely if ever can be persuaded to utter anything English beyond a foolish grin were by the end relaxed enough that they made a few halting attempts to say something to me. (The fourth, K, has fair English and unfortunately would insist on translating everything most of the time, but still.)
I was only ever given a 3-month visa, and no extension was forthcoming, so I will be back in the UK at the end of September.
|Thursday, July 31st, 2014|
|Beware of bears and falling masonry
Today is the festival supposedly commemorating the anniversary of the Buddha's first teaching, and there were celebrations up at the 'shukti' or 'throne' of the important local fourteenth-century philosopher, high up above the monastery. I met a group of school students who had walked up the extraordinarily long and steep forest path from town on a kind of pilgrimage for the day, and asked if I could accompany them when they walked back, having been trying for some time to get someone to show me the path into town. (I will get a taxi back.)
Pema, the shopkeeper, had warned me that ( the path was dangerous in summer because of bears and tigersCollapse )
K, the novice monk who looks after the 'guesthouse' in which I am staying, having come round to clear up after some temporary visitors, fiddles with his phone. 'Do you know what this is?' he says suddenly, and shows me - a trifle surprisingly - a photo of three horseradishes so arranged as to crudely suggest an act of anal sex. 'This is a radish,' I say carefully, 'and I think this is another radish. And this is a radish too, isn't it? Or perhaps two radishes.'
'Radish' is what they call horseradish here and I seem to have fallen into the habit, though being here as an English teacher I should probably be stamping the practice out rather than encouraging it.
K also mentions the need, as one of the novice monks, to get permission from the 'councillor' if you are going to miss a class or puja or what have you. If you don't get permission in advance, 'he will punish'. What kind of punishment? 'Punishment is very strict. He will beat' (demonstrating beating motions).
On the downside, buying any food apart from crisps and biscuits (available in the monastery shop) requires endless enquiries about when people are driving to town, and cadging a lift on the hour-plus trip there, and even then the range of things available is strictly limited; all the bread and milk powder is stuffed with sugar; and fresh milk is not too easy to come by. On the upside, when you discover that the shopkeeper can order you some milk, and when he rings to say it is in, and you think 'I'll go and get it straight away so I can have some for breakfast', it is still warm from the cow. That is a service Waitrose on Fitzroy Street cannot offer.
A corollary is that I can now make a cup of what is recognisably and delicious English tea. The guesthouse at my monastery must be the only place in the whole of Himalistan where this is now on offer.
Evening walk with the American visitor to the small and pretty monastery above ours. It has only one resident, Rinzig, one of the students in my beginners' class at the shedra, who has lived there as its caretaker for the past year. He offers us tea using the formula he has learnt from me ('Would you like some tea?'), naturally one of the first things it is necessary to learn in English.
Visit the American and his host, Tsering, for the evening, and on the way home, two monks are standing outside the lhakang playing the long horns. Where in the puja this felt like just noise, here in the dark and mysterious night it is beautiful and stirring. There is no complex musical line but the two horns, slightly mournful, continually sound as if they are starting some long undertaking, and one seeming to lead slightly ahead of the other, rise and fall in counterpoint to each other. I sit on a ledge shared with one of the wild dogs that roam the place and listen until they finish.
Summoned to dinner, along with our American friend, by Rinpoche, who is going away tomorrow. At first he is in a mood to complain about things as usual, but he mellows later - perhaps he was hungry - and almost admits there may be some good points in my teaching.
There are a profusion of wild dogs that one passes as one walks around the hillside. Sometimes they look at you the way dogs look, but some of them often they have startlingly human expressions, so that it is almost hard not to bid them a polite good morning. They look at you as if waiting for a reply, or pregnant with some piece of news, or impatient for you to pass, or conscious of their superior social standing and waiting for an acknowledgement.
Some of them have other peculiarities. One small and dapper member of the clan I have never seen without its tail wagging at an absolutely furious rate, while another will start away in terror if you offer it even the most tentative hand to sniff or show any other sign of interest.
Some of my lessons are in the shedra, or monastic institute, a short if energetic hike above the monastery. This is a little cluster of pretty buildings, two of them built precariously on the mountainside - one, the monks' hostel, ( somewhat too precariouslyCollapse )
|Saturday, July 19th, 2014|
Well appointed though my quarters were in other respects my housemate and I wanted to cook very different food in the same small kitchen; besides which he accidentally locked me out of the house twice running. So I petitioned Rinpoche to be moved elsewhere, as a result of which I have been evacuated to the Guesthouse. ( Being built for visitors, this was beyond my wildest ideas of luxuryCollapse )
A puja at the top of the mountain meant, for me, a very difficult hike. We went up the road to the shedra (institute), from where my guide set off up a mountain path that in my out-ofpractice state was quite hard. Just as it levelled off a little and I thought perhaps this would be all right, ( he struck off up a smaller path twice as steepCollapse )
Having been hanging around for weeks twiddling my thumbs I suddenly find myself teaching three classes a day, so I am not now short of things to do. I have put my foot down about teaching on Saturday, 15 class hours a week seeming quite enough to me.
In a class, trying to elicit the word 'hill' because it has lots of nice vertical letters, I draw a hill-shaped squiggle. 'Mountain', says one child intelligently. 'Yes,' I agree, 'and what about a little mountain?' (with hand gestures). It turns out that living much higher than most of the Alps, though they knew about mountains, they had not heard of anything so pedestrian as a hill.
Debating practice at the shedra: a peculiar and enjoyable Tibetan custom which I've seen before at the monastery in Tibet that is famous for it whose name I forget. ( Two monks debate at a time, one sitting on the floor while the other stands and poses questionsCollapse )
'What do you call that (imitating my whistling)?'
And a few minutes later in the shedra kitchen, when I happen to be applying balm to my chapped lips:
'This (whistle) is whistling?'
'And that is Vaseline?'
No. No, the words do not sound the same. At all.
'Where do people cook in England?'
'In the kitchen.'
'But how do they cook?'
'They have a hob, like that' (pointing to a portable pair of rings attached to a gas cylinder) 'and an oven, for baking.'
'No, no bukhari.'
That is correct. The centre of a UK kitchen is generally not occupied by a big cast-iron wood burning stove to complement the gas hob.
A visiting American scholar studying the interaction of Nyingmapa teachings and the environment. He wants to interview people and has brought a local assistant borrowed from some government department. He has been here before but I am able to bring him up to date on people he might interview and what is going on - a strange and enjoyable reversal to be the local expert rather than the clueless newcomer. Enjoyable too to be able to use my kitchen and sitting room to entertain, when the pair of them come to dinner. He is an eccentric and vigorous character, though I have a slight suspicion an account of our meeting from his point of view would be the more entertaining to read.
|Wednesday, July 9th, 2014|
|From the bath house
Wandering out late afternoon after rain all day. Tashi, the Rinpoche's monk attendant (his Ananda, as I think of him) hails me and says he is taking me to Rinpoche. He leads me past a house near mine to a wooden shed which I understand to be an outside bathroom of some kind. Incomprehensibly he opens the door, ( Read more...Collapse )
I have not died but have no internet of any kind in the monastery. I've escaped to town for a night so here is a brief catch up of the past couple of weeks since arriving in Himalistan, which I shall follow up in a separate post with a vignette from yesterday.( Read more...Collapse )
|Wednesday, June 4th, 2014|
The necessary documentation for Himalistan finally arrived on Friday, and on Monday I confirmed and paid for my flight, which is on 17 June. I had been told to expect it to be valid for 3 months and need extending. In the event it is valid for only 2 months. So I hope the process of extending it is less drawn-out than that of getting it in the first place.
A series of minor but distressing symptoms have led to some unexpected encounters with local healthcare last week, starting when I went into what looked like an unusually spacious back-street pharmacy and ended up in a kind of consulting cupboard, with a very genial doctor with excellent English and, as it happens, the best bedside manner of any doctor I have consulted. Under his care some of the symptoms abated and others not, and when I went back he sent me off for an X-ray to make sure I had nothing worse than sinusitis. (The report came back saying 'Right frontal sinusitis.') The procedure for getting an X-ray at a Nepali hospital is like this: first you go to the emergency ward and wander past patients on beds surrounded by worried relatives, before finding someone in a white coat who writes you a chit for the X-ray; then you present this at the cash desk by the main entrance and hand over your NRP 900 (about 5 or 6 pounds); next you take the chit and receipt to the X-ray department, where an efficient operative tells you to 'open your shoes and sleep on the bed', and an hour later you come back and collect the result. If NRP 900 is beyond your means, as for the poorest Nepalis it is, then you're out of luck.
S has exams this week, and I have spent the last four days amusing myself and taking my mind off my state of health by writing a dictionary for my Old Cool NGO Outfit (OCNO), a project I suggested while I still worked there but doubted anyone else much wanted to write.
|Wednesday, May 28th, 2014|
|Writinghawk Business College
S gets up at 5am to go to college where he is taking a bachelor's in Business Studies, and spends the afternoon keeping a pashmina shop, one of a few his family run and identical to all other pashmina shops in Thamel, until closing time at about 9, during which in the present off-season it's dubious he sells enough to pay the shop's day-rent never mind cover anything for his time. (When I said 'There must be a thousand pashmina shops in Thamel', Kathmandu's small tourist-trap district, he said 'No, only three hundred.') On the rare occasion that a customer asks for a price, he stares at the ceiling for a while, then makes up a totally unconvincing price which they know anyway is not real, and they say 'Too much'. He immediately goes on to: 'How much do you want to pay?' at which point half of them walk out. 'They want it for free,' he says irately, after naming a not unreasonable price on one occasion.
I have just seen one of his college practice papers. Here are just a few of the questions:
2. What is Organizational Behavior? Explain the emerging trends in OB.
6. Define perception. Explain the factors influencing perception.
7. With the help of work-related examples, explain the Big Five Model of personality.
12. Critically analyze Herzberg's motivation-hygiene theory.
16. How is equity theory of motivation relevant to the present job situation in Nepalese enterprises [namely, there are no jobs]? Discuss.
19. Discuss with examples various types of work team.
Now, I could not answer any of these questions and it is no doubt very admirable that they are filling his head with this stuff, but if I were to design a Business Studies degree in Kathmandu it would include some different questions.
1. With specific reference to the example of a shop stuffed with warm woollen pashminas, in a city where it is 35 degrees and the great majority of customers are from northern-hemisphere countries where it is also summer, discuss the possible merits of seasonal variation in stock.
2. What is a unique selling point? Is it advisable to aim for one, or better to be indistinguishable from all your competitors?
3. Is shop-dressing an art, or does a requirement that as many wares as possible are somehow hanging on display override all other considerations?
4. In a context where many shopkeepers pounce aggressively and unpleasantly on every passing foreigner, what problems could be caused by spreading so many wares across the open frontage of a shop that the only remaining entrance is a narrow opening into an enclosed space? With reference, if necessary, to Herzberg's or indeed anyone else's theory of motivation, discuss whether this might motivate people not to enter the shop.
5. What is alpha-beta testing? Discuss its value with regards to shop dressing and stock control. How could it be combined with the concept of 'continuous improvement' to provide an alternative to setting the shop the same old way day after day?
6. Do customers really that much prefer haggling to having fixed prices? How do you know? If so, shouldn't you be better at haggling?
7. What possible merit might accrue from having a business website, an E-bay presence or active Twitter account?
8. Could there be anything to be said for smiling occasionally? [S smiles readily, except when there are customers in the shop.]
9. As a refreshing break from parroting more management jargon, design a project over a term or a year where you actually put some of these ideas into practice and evaluate the results.
To judge from every single other shop in Thamel, however, the other business courses on offer are identical to S's.
|Friday, May 23rd, 2014|
|Learning the basics
Kathmandu has become exceedingly, intolerably hot. The shopkeepers in Thamel sit all day twiddling their thumbs, because there are no tourists. Everyone is waiting for the rains, which will lower the temperature if not bring the tourists back, but the rains may be a month away. Finding myself with time to kill I have signed up for some Nepali lessons. Besides these I have been fairly inactive this week, but last weekend was a different matter.
My excellent former-work contact had set up an 'interaction programme', i.e. meeting, for me with the retro-sounding Computer Club at Kathmandu University, conveniently in the nearby small town of Dhulikel, yesterday, the same day I was supposed to be going to Dhulikel anyway to visit Suman's family. One of the crowd picks me up and guides me to the bus station and knows which bus to take and when to get off and which series of winding paths to take at the other end, without which I would still be looking for it. The campus is a handsome and peaceful retreat from the cacophony of Kathmandu, and the meeting is pleasingly full of open source geeks and so forth. S picks me up after the event on his motorbike and we navigate a hair-raising series of mountain roads with sheer drops on one or other side. Nepali law requires a motorbike rider to wear a helmet but puts no such burden on passengers, on whom they are never seen. S rides slowly and carefully as I rehearse in my head the terrible motorcycle accidents of various acquaintances. S draws my attention to the breathtaking views, perhaps in an attempt to divert my attention from imminent death and thus relax my grip on his shoulder. Arriving without incident we park at his uncle's house, on the road.
S's house is ( up a path on a very steep slope ...Collapse )
|Thursday, May 15th, 2014|
|The good and the bad
Yesterday, good news from my contact in Himalistan: Rinpoche has at last received approval for my entry papers. Bad news: but only for three months. Good: However, Rinpoche 'will arrange for extension at a later date', so I am not to worry. Bad: he has also suddenly been 'ordered' by the government to perform a month-long prayer ceremony, which is frightfully important and will take him and all his monks, so can I please wait till the end of June? Good: this gives me another month or month and a half in KTM. Bad: that means I need to extend my tourist visa, which presumably entails some further faff, and a hotel for a month is an expensive joke. Good: however, my Nepali friend Suman has just moved into a big new room and says we can get a mattress and I can stay with him. Bad: this means living in a building with no running water for a month. Good: I'll be living like a proper Nepali. It will be an education.
To recap for the benefit of anyone who doesn't know me, I'm in Kathmandu, on my way to teach English in a remote monastery high in the Himalayas, in the obscure kingdom of, let us say, Himalistan. I was supposed to be travelling there on Sunday, but have been kicking my heels here while waiting for the process of obtaining Himalistani entry papers to take its winding course.
Arriving in Kathmandu I made contact with assorted local friends. S, who is exceedingly handsome, picks me up from the airport and hugs me in the pouring rain. N, so sane in many ways yet mad as a hatter, has moved here from England to find herself and live in a monastery while running a homeopathic clinic, and makes me bring useless remedies specially ordered from the UK.
B's travel agency nowadays handles a lot of people passing through on 'volunteer' schemes of one kind or another. Puts me in touch with a former volunteer currently passing through KTM who has just returned from Himalistan, who is not burdened with an over-active imagination. I ask him if, as I've heard from a former work contact, the descent into the country's only international airport is particularly hair-raising. 'It's fine,' he shrugs, then pauses for a moment of bovine reflection. 'I mean, you fly along this valley between mountains, and you have to do a sharp bend ...' The thoughful look disappears from his features. 'It's fine.'( A visit to the museumCollapse )
*( Nagarkot interludeCollapse )
*( A visit to BhaktapurCollapse )
*( An eccentric cafeCollapse )
Dinner with S and a friend in S's room, much like any student room - bedsit, cushions, guitar, TV, cooking ring, pile of washing in corner. Everything except running water, which is simulated with a couple of huge plastic bottles of water and a complex series of plastic tubs.
*( Happy birthday BuddhaCollapse )